Solid wood flooring can be used to complement almost any decor. It has been used for hundreds of years in New England and around the world. Unlike modern materials of dubious longevity, many colonial farmhouses still wear the original floor boards from over 200 years ago.
Since solid wood floors are long-lasting and rarely need replacing, they add to a house’s value.
This page describes the wood species we offer for flooring and stairs, the effects aging has on wood color, and varied appearances due to grain. To best determine the ideal species for your flooring or stairs projects, it helps to familiarize yourself with colors, grains and other characteristics of each wood species.
Need help choosing the best wood species for your next flooring or stairs project?Contact us for recommendations.
Predominant grain, but lighter than Oak.
Light sapwood with grey to brown heartwood. Suitable for anything from a Danish modern setting to an English cottage. Open grain yields even more dramatic effect when stained. Similar properties to the Oaks.
Select: Clear of knots but still a mix of lighter and darker colors Prime: Clear, and only the lighter sapwood
Widths 4″-7″ (as narrow as 3″ in Prime) Lengths 6′-10′ (up to 12′ may be available on special order)
Basswood is a soft wood, similar to pine but without the knots or pitch. Makes a great painted wall or ceiling paneling (sample above is painted white), or can be used in low traffic areas such as a bedroom or study as flooring. As it is mostly very light in color and even grained it also accepts stain well, so your decorative options are almost limitless.
Select: Clear of knots but still a mix of lighter and darker colors
Light, almost white sapwood, grey to brown heartwood. Very tight grain, practically indestructible in almost any application. Hard maple is the choice in professional gymnasiums because of its durability.
Country: A rustic look with sound knots and strong color variance Select: Clear of knots, mostly light sapwood, small amount of darker heartwood Prime: Clear, and only the lighter sapwood Select Heart: Mostly clear of knots, lots of darker heartwood
Widths: 3″-7″ Lengths: mostly 6′-10′ (up to 12′ may be available on special order)
The center of Southern Yellow Pine (SYP) trees have a golden brown/orange color to them, and nice tight knots; we call material selected with at least 50% of this character “Heart” Pine. Because of the resins stored in the heartwood, as well as the non-heartwood portions of heart pine flooring which are largely quartersawn, the hardness is considerably more than standard SYP. In fact, the United States Forest Service rates Heart Pine as only about 5% softer than Red Oak.
Country: A rustic look with sound knots and strong color variance, and at least 50% of the face is heart
Widths: 7″-11″ Lengths: 8′-12′ (up to 16′ may be available on special order)
Eastern White Pine is not the most durable wood we have to offer, but it is one of the most popular. In addition to the sentimental value of being one of the first widely used flooring materials of our colonists, the warm colors and large knots produce a character unavailable in any other material.
Looking for a harder and more durable Pine product? Consider the clear Southern Yellow Pine or knotty Heart Pine which are approximately twice as hard as the Eastern White.
Country: A rustic look with mostly sound knots Skip Planed: Like Country, but with circular saw marks left on surface
Widths: 5″-9″ (narrow), 11″-15″ (wide), 16″-17″ (super wide), 19″-23″ (limited availability) Lengths: 6′-12′ (up to 16′ may be available on special order)
Clear of knots, and a pleasant warm tone with strong grain definition.
With a hardness rating approximately twice that of its northern counterpart Eastern White Pine, Southern Yellow (SYP) is sometimes called “Hard” Pine and is well suited as use for flooring. The strong grain pattern in SYP is all the character you get in our beautiful Select grade that will complement any warm accented décor. SYP is also available as a special sort called Heart Pine which is even harder and has more character.
Select: Clear of knots mostly light with rare dark streaks.
Though often given a bum rap because of extensive use in tract house strip flooring, Red Oak is beautiful in its own right, especially in the wider widths.
Country: A rustic look with mostly sound knots and strong color variance Select: Clear, predominantly the darker heartwood; occasional small stripe of sapwood Select Quartered: Like Select, but sawn for its secondary “ray fleck” graining figure and extreme stability Select Rift: Like Select, but sawn for its exceptional straight grain and extreme stability
Widths: 4″-7″ (up to 9″ available on special order) Lengths: 6′-12′
While it may seem extravagant to walk on Walnut, by the time it’s milled, installed and finished the total cost is not a lot more than any other quality hardwood. While it may be too dark for some rooms, it can set off a den or family room very nicely.
Country: A rustic look with mostly sound knots and strong color variance Select: Mostly clear of knots but still a mix of lighter and darker colors Prime: Clear, and only the darker heartwood
Widths: 4″-7″ (up to 9″ on special order) Lengths: 6′-10′ (up to 12′ may be available on special order)
White Oak is strong, beautiful, easy-to-work, and economical, representing exceptional value.
Known more for its preeminence in the Arts & Crafts furniture movement, White Oak not only takes a stain very nicely, but the character is unique.
Country: A rustic look with sound knots and bark pockets Country Quartered: Like Country, but sawn for its secondary “ray fleck” graining figure and extreme stability Select: Clear, and predominantly the darker heartwood; occasional stripe of sapwood Select Quartered: Like Select, but sawn for its secondary “ray fleck” graining figure and extreme stability Select Rift: Like Select, but sawn for its exceptional straight grain and extreme stability